I was a bit confused when I heard to term COUNTER compliant statistics because the word COUNTER has so many meanings. Could it be to do with those round disks you have use to go up ladders and down snakes in the board game?
“Glass mosaic counter or inlay” by Roman via The Metropolitan Museum of Art is licensed under CC0 1.0
Statistics is about counting, so that makes some sort of sense. It could not be a shop counter then,
“View of counter” by Takanori Hayashi is licensed under CC BY 2.0
or a ticket counter, these are types of counter that help people to access something.
“Ticket Counter For Foreigner s” by Barney Moss is licensed under CC BY 2.0
or how about a kitchen worktop, some people call those counters. They are things to facilitate tasks. In the kitchen.
“Butterfly on a counter” by Helena Jacoba is licensed under CC BY 2.0
Or indeed, counter also means against, opposed to, so counter compliance must mean that it is statistics that is not compliant.
No, I reasoned, it must be something to do with counting.
“Counter” by Marcin Wichary is licensed under CC BY 2.0
So after all my speculations I gave in and searched Google. I discovered that COUNTER is an acronym, as many things are these days. It stands for Counting Online Usage of NeTworked Electronic Resources. It is a standard code of practice that facilitates exchange of the usage data of e-resources. So, in plain terms, it means that when publishers count the number of views or downloads of a journal, book or database has had, they should save and organise that data in a standard format that can easily be shared with libraries that subscribe to the journals or have purchased a book. These are simple examples of a rather more sophisticated system.
According to the COUNTER Code of Practice the data are also arranged in standard reports, for example JR1 is a statistical report of all the views, downloads or attempted downloads an individual journal has had over a period of time – basically how many people have access the webpage for that journal. Similarly, BR1 is the statistical report of the number of views, downloads or attempted downloads of a book. There are a variety of other types of report as well.
Overall, COUNTER compliant statistics are a way of libraries being able to understand whether the e-resources that they have purchased or to which they subscribe are being actively used. In the day before electronically automated systems when physical books were stamped as they were borrowed, you could easily tell which were your most borrowed items. So, COUNTER is doing the same job, but better, because you could never count the number of times a book was looked at, a reference noted, a photocopy taken and returned to the shelf.
To learn more about this, visit the COUNTER project website where it explains things in more detail in a much better way. However, I don’t think I was entirely wrong about COUNTER, it does include some of those other meanings. It counts people who are trying to read an article or book, it facilitates the work of librarians and publishers, it gives librarians access to data that they need to improve their electronic collections. It doesn’t serve cake though, which is a bit of a shame…
“Sweet Counter” by terren in Virginia is licensed under CC BY 2.0